Newsletter Archives > ChiroPlanet.com Monthly Health Newsletter: January 2013 Health Newsletter

January 2013 Health Newsletter


Current Articles

» Happy New Year
» Your Core!
» Misleading Labels, High Caffeine Levels in Diet Supplements
» Whole Grains Reduce Risk of Prediabetes
» Skip Mouth-to-Mouth to Save Heart Attack Victims?
» Kids Offered Healthier Snacks Eat Less

Happy New Year

 

Its 2013 and the world did not come to an end! We now have the fiscal cliff..and there is plenty more to worry about. However,my chosen course is to make this world the most beautiful, healthy and loving place that it can be. I believe that (almost) everyone knows that the substance from which we are all made is part of the same fabric of the cosmos. Somehow there is a divine spark and life begins. YOU STARTED OUT as 2 cells which became 40 quadrillion in 9 months,Each cell has a purpose. Your eyes know how to see, Your ears know how to hear. It has been said that the number of connections that your brain is capable of making exceeds the number of atoms in the known universe. In short,

You are a miracle!

All the best for a 2012 that gives you what you need and offers opportunities for you to be more.

Dr. Steven Saul and Staff


Author: Dr. Steven Saul
Source: Dr. Steven Saul
Copyright: Dr. Steven Saul 2013


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Your Core!


Hi! This is so important, I may leave this up permanently!

Lets talk about Core strength. You hear this term a lot. So what exactly is your core? Here is what you need to know.

You are made of Bones, Muscles, Tendons, Ligaments, and Fascia. If there is a breakdown in any of these systems you will have a loss of function which will lead to pain and dis-ease. We evaluate your body to find out the source of the problem.


What are the Core Muscles named and why are they so Important?

 
The core is made of all the muscles that ultimately attach to the pelvis.  These muscles can be divided into two sections based on their anatomical functions. One provides stabilization and the others provide movement.

    1. Deep stabilization system
    2. Superficial movement system


Anatomically, the muscles that are deeper in the body work more to stabilize the pelvis and spine, and the muscles that are located more superficially are more important for moving the pelvis and spine.

1. Deep Stabilization System


Core Training places a lot of emphasis on working the deep muscles of the core. Research shows that the deep muscles contract first before any movement is initiated. The body is brilliant!  It is wired to be stable first before it engages action.

The deep muscles are close to the spine and pelvis and they can help to move the body, but their primary role is to stabilize the pelvis and lower back. This protects these areas and gives you a strong foundation for the upcoming activity.

The core muscles that make the deep stabilization system are:

The transversus abdominus is one of the most important core muscles. It attaches to the pubic bone and fascia in the front. It compresses the abdominal contents, thus adding stability to the lower back and pelvis.

The lumbar multifidus runs on an angle and it helps with rotational stability. Research shows that people with chronic lower back pain have significant atrophy (wasting away) of the multifidus.

The pelvic floor muscles connect the sacrum and pelvis to the pubic bone. Their primary job is to stabilize the bottom of the abdominal cavity. The pelvis floor works with the transversus abdominus and multifidus to stabilize the pelvis. Kegel exercises are a great way to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.

The diaphragm is the main respiratory muscle. It attaches to the ribs and spine. The diaphragm also forms the roof of the abdominal cavity, so it stabilizes the top of the abdominal cavity.

The internal oblique is the deeper of the 2 oblique muscles. It runs on an angle from the pelvis up to the ribs. Its primary role is in stabilizing the core, but it also helps to move the spine.

The transverso-spinalis muscles focus on segmental stability of the spine because they span just a few vertebrae in length. These muscles are also important for rotational stability.

All of the deep core muscles are important. When you perform exercises that require your spine to be stable, you challenge these core muscles. The plank exercise  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kiA9j-dR0oM, bridges, alternate arm and leg raises, and the drawing in maneuver are examples of exercises that can increase core stability. Any exercise or piece of equipment that requires your muscles to work harder to keep your spine stable will increase the muscle work in the deep stabilization system of the core.

2) Superficial Movement System


When the pelvis moves, the hips move, and when the hip move, the lower back moves. If the pelvis is stable, the lower back and hip are stable, so any muscle that attaches to the pelvis is part of the core as well.

The latissimus dorsi (lats), which helps you do pull ups, is most often thought of as a back and shoulder muscle, but it also attaches to the upper border of the hip bone, (pelvis), lumbar vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, and ribs. The lats can help to tilt the pelvis forwards or to the side, and it can negatively affect lower back posture when tight and inflexible.

The erector spinae are the group of muscles that people most commonly think of when they talk about lower back muscles. They are a group of superficial muscles that run the entire length of the spine. As the name suggests, these muscles help to keep the spine erect and they also pull the spine backwards. Every lower back exercise will place some emphasis on the erector spinae muscles.

The iliopsoas is the main hip flexor muscle. It attaches to the front of the lumbar spine and pelvis. It is primarily responsible for bending the hip, but it can also help to stabilize the pelvis, lower back, and hip.

The adductors are the muscles of the inner thigh. Most people don't think of the inner thigh muscles as core muscles, but all of the adductor muscles attach to the pubic bone, which is the front part of the pelvis. Because they attach to the pubic bone they can help to stabilize the pelvis, especially when standing on 1 leg.

The hip abductors (gluteus medius and minimus) also attach to the pelvis. The gluteus medius and minimus are very important for hip stability, and they are especially important for stabilizing the hip and pelvis when standing on one leg. This is one of the reasons I say that balance exercises are so important in core training.

The hamstrings are the muscles on the back of the thigh, and they attach to the bottom of the pelvis. Strong hamstrings can help to anchor and stabilize the pelvis, and tight inflexible hamstrings can pull on the pelvis and negatively affect lower back posture.

The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the body and it attaches to the back of the pelvis. It extends thigh at the hip, and assists in laterally rotating the thigh. It works with the hamstrings to move the pelvis and also helps to stabilize the pelvis. Bridges can be considered a core exercise because it works the glutes while keeping the spine stable.

The external obliques attach to the ribs and pelvis but they are located superficially compared to the internal obliques. The external obliques are designed slightly more for moving the spine than stabilizing, but the external obliques  also help to stabilize the pelvis and lower back.

The rectus abdominus (6 pack)
is probably the most popular core muscle. It runs down the front of the spine, and it is the main muscle for flexing and bending. It is the main muscle for core exercises such as crunches and sit-ups.

So, what exercises, will help strengthen your core? Primarily we recommend yoga..http://www.springsyoga.com

and Pilates. We also know some private instructors if you need one. Just give us a call.


Dr. Saul and Staff


Author: Dr. Steven Saul
Source: Internet Articles ,Kinetic Spine and Sports
Copyright: Dr. Steven Saul 2012


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Misleading Labels, High Caffeine Levels in Diet Supplements

A recent study of diet supplements conducted by the Harvard Medical School in Boston found that the amount of caffeine in the supplements varied widely and that the product labels were often inaccurate or contained no caffeine information at all. High levels of caffeine can can be dangerous for certain individuals, due to side effects such as tremors and anxiety. The study, published by JAMA Internal Medicine, tested 31 dietary supplements known to contain caffeine or herbal ingredients that naturally contain caffeine. Researchers found that of the products tested, five had labels with inaccurate caffeine information and another six did not have caffeine on their labels, but contained very high levels of caffeine; averaging between 210 and 310 milligrams per serving. To compare, an eight-ounce serving of coffee contains approximately 100 milligrams of caffeine. The study concluded that the levels of caffeine in the supplements would not be an issue on their own, but may cause problems for people who combine the diet products with energy drinks, coffee and other high-caffeine foods and beverages. More troublesome was the wide-spread inaccuracy of the labels, which make it nearly impossible even for users who read the product information to know what they are consuming. The researchers added that current laws regulating product labeling aren’t strong enough and that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) must do a better job enforcing what labeling regulations exist.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine, online January 7, 2013.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2013


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Whole Grains Reduce Risk of Prediabetes

Researchers in Sweden have recently concluded that the risk of of prediabetes, a blood sugar elevation that often precedes diabetes in adults, can be lowered by the consumption of whole grains. The study followed 5,477 Stockholm residents without diabetes, who kept food diaries of the amounts of whole and refined grains they ate. Blood glucose levels of participants were recorded and then followed up on ten years later. The researchers discovered that subjects who consumed approximately two or more ounces of whole grains per day were found to be 27% less likely to become prediabetic. However, these results may not help Americans, because of the difficulty in obtaining whole grain foods in the U.S. American food manufacturers can label a food that contains eight grams per serving as ‘whole grain’; Sweden requires a food product to contain least half whole grains to receive the designation. Whole grains span the spectrum of grain, from brown rice to whole wheat, but to be whole, the entire kernel is used, including the grain hull. Refined grains, where the hull and other parts of the grain are removed are far more common in the U.S. The American Diabetes Association now estimates that one in four Americans are prediabetic and that nearly a quarter of people with the condition will develop full-blown diabetes. Further, fewer than three percent of Americans get the recommended 48 grams per day of whole grains. Because refined grains contain more calories and carbohydrates, which are risk factors for diabetes, researchers concluded that Americans should simply aim to consume less grain in general.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, online December 12, 2012.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2013


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Skip Mouth-to-Mouth to Save Heart Attack Victims?

New medical research, recently published in the journal Circulation, finds that heart attack victims given compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation were less likely to die in following years than people given standard mouth-to-mouth CPR. This finding supports an American Heart Association recommendation that the simpler form of CPR is more appropriate for bystanders often intimidated by the prospect of combining chest compressions with rescue breathing. Over 383,000 people in the U.S. suffer cardiac arrests every year; only about 10 percent survive. The study, authored by researchers in Seattle, France and Sweden, tracked more than 3,200 adults who suffered heart attacks and were administered either standard or compression-only CPR. Mortality in the compression-only group was 9% lower than in the standard CPR group, with benefits persisting for up to five years after the event. However, the researchers added that their recommendations don't apply to CPR performed by medical personnel or people who are proficient in rescue breathing. They also apply only to adult victims with heart problems, where cardiac arrest was caused by reasons other than trauma, suffocating or drowning. It is still recommended that pediatric victims suffering cardiac arrest be administered rescue breathing.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Circulation, online December 10, 2012.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2013


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Kids Offered Healthier Snacks Eat Less

A new study conducted by the Food and Brand Laboratory at Cornell University suggests that substituting cheese or vegetables for potato chips, might help reduce the amount of calories children eat at snack time. The findings are of interest to a nation combating a recognized childhood obesity epidemic and looking for ways to help kids slim down. The study of over 180 children ages nine to twelve, put the kids in a room to watch TV and eat a snack. 45 of the children were given potato chips, 36 were offered cheese, 59 were given raw vegetables and 43 were given cheese and vegetables. There were no restrictions on the quantity of the snacks; the kids were allowed to eat until they felt full. After 45 minutes, the researchers measured the amount of calories eaten. Unsurprisingly, the children in the chip group consumed the most, averaging 620 calories, or approximately 40% of the daily amount of calories recommended for a moderately active eight-year-old boy. The children in the other groups ate an average of 200 calories of cheese, 60 calories of vegetables and 170 calories of the combination cheese-and-vegetables snack. Kids also reported feeling full after eating less of the cheese and vegetables than the potato chips. Experts disagree on the findings however, pointing out that children will eat more of a snack they prefer - like potato chips, than one they don't - like raw vegetables. They also acknowledge that it is not always feasible, especially in lower income families where obesity has hit hardest, to provide healthy alternatives to cheaper processed foods.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Pediatrics, online December 17, 2012.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2013


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